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*  Say-it-in-English Entry Page *  To Basic English 2 *  To Basic English 3 *  To Basic English 4 *  To Basic English 5 *  To Basic English 6 *  To Basic English 7

*  To Basic English 8

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Basic English the Mikie Metric Way :

Lesson 1

Introduction:  The eight (8) Basic English lessons will help you learn such topics as Basic Sentence Structure, Making Questions, Giving Information About Yourself, Using Pronouns Correctly and How to Tell People What You Want or Have or Need.  Exercises and Answers follow each lesson.   It's simple, easy and fun.  It might help you with school or an accredited online college.  You can build a foundation today for getting ahead tomorrow.
Just for fun, visit this page:
  Fun With English

Lesson 1: Learning to talk about yourself - I am tall.  I am sick. I am singing.

I = the word used to talk about myself.   I am Mr. G.  I am a man.  I am fuzzy.  I am smiling. 

am = a form of the verb "to be" used only with I.

(Note: In spoken English, "I" and "am" are often joined to form a "contraction" that looks like this in writing - "I'm" - and rhymes with words like "time" and "lime".)

I am + adjective. An adjective tells who I am, what kind of person I am, what I look like, how I feel.page break

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I am tall. (I'm tall.)  I am English. (I'm English.)  I am hungry. (I'm hungry.) 
I am short. (I'm short.)  I am French. (I'm French.)  I am rich. (I'm rich.) 
I am sick. (I'm sick.)      I am Italian. (I'm Italian.)  I am sad. (I'm sad.)    
I am married. (I'm married.)   I am American. (I'm  American.)  I am awake. (I'm awake.)  
I am afraid. (I'm afraid.)   I am dirty. (I'm dirty.)   I am fat. (I'm fat.)  
I am young. (I'm young.)   I am quiet. (I'm quiet.)   I am healthy. (I'm healthy.)  
I am clean. (I'm clean.)   I am old. (I'm old.)   I am angry. (I'm angry.)   
I am unemployed. (I'm unemployed.)
I am sleepy. (I'm sleepy.)  I am tired. (I'm tired.)  
I am pretty. (I'm pretty.)   I am thin. (I'm thin.)   I am happy. (I'm happy.)  
I am smart. (I'm smart.)  I am single. (I'm single.)    I am Black. (I'm Black.) 
I am poor. (I'm poor.)   I am confused. (I'm confused.)  I am Chinese. (I'm Chinese.) 


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I am + -ing verb.  This sentence tells what I am doing at this moment.  "I am writing this lesson now."

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I am eating. (I'm eating.)   
I am sleeping. (I'm sleeping.)
I am driving. (I'm driving.) 
I am shopping. (I'm shopping.)
I am texting. (I'm texting.)
I am typing. (I'm typing.)
  I am crying. (I'm crying.)
I am working. (I'm working.)
I am babysitting. (I'm babysitting.)
I am singing. (I'm singing.)
I am thinking. (I'm thinking.)
I am studying. (I'm studying.)
  I am walking. (I'm walking.)
I am writing. (I'm writing.)
I am sitting. (I'm sitting.)
I am working. (I'm working.)
I am drinking.  (I'm drinking.)

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I am + article + noun. Articles  point out Nouns.  They tell us there will be a Noun ahead in the sentence.   Articles are A, AN, THE.   NOUNS are words that name a person, a place, a thing, an idea, a feeling or an action.  Any word we use to name something is a Noun.

THE  points out a definite noun, the only one of its kind, a special one.

Example: "I am the driver"  In this group, I am the only one who can drive or who is responsible for driving. 

Example: If I say "I am the doctor.", I mean that I am the only doctor here,  or the Doctor who is in charge. 

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I am the teacher. (I'm the teacher.)
I am the boss. (I'm the boss.)
I am the mailman. (I'm the mailman.)
  I am the president. (I'm the president.)
I am the janitor. (I'm the janitor.)
I am the doctor. (I'm the doctor.)
I am the supervisor. (I'm the supervisor.)
  I am the driver. (I'm the driver.)
I am the cook. (I'm the cook.)
I am the owner. (I'm the owner.)

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A and AN are used with singular nouns.  A and AN mean the same thing, but they are used at different times.  AN is used before words that begin with a Vowel sound (a, e, i, o, u) .  A is used before words that begin with a consonant sound (all the other letters). This is to make it easier to pronounce the Article and the Noun together.   A and AN refer to one of a group of similar things - not a special one or a particular one, just one of them.  (Special note: Sometimes, AN is used before longer words that begin with H, but I haven't found a rule that explains this difference.  "It was AN historical event." It might just be for the ease of pronunciation. Try it - A historical, AN historical ; A hysterical party , AN hysterical party.)

Example: "I am a driver."  There are other drivers; I am just one of them.

Example:   If I say "I am a doctor.", I mean that I am not the only doctor;  I am just one of them, a member of the medical profession.

NOT is a negative word.  When added to a sentence, usually after the verb, NOT cancels or reverses the original meaning of the sentence.  "I am a doctor." is a positive statement, usually giving a truthful fact.  "I am not a doctor." is a negative statement and means that my profession or position is something other than Doctor.

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I am a salesman. (I'm a salesman.)
I am a boxer. (I'm a boxer.)
I am an ice skater. (I'm an ice skater.) 
I am not a sophomore. (I'm not a sophomore.)
I am an organ-player. (I'm an organ-player.)
  I am a gambler. (I'm a gambler.)
I am a mother. (I'm a mother.)
I am an angel. (I'm an angel.)
I am not an angel. (I'm not an angel.)
I am a college student. (I'm a college student.)
  I am a Muslim. (I'm a Muslim.)
I am an elephant. (I'm an elephant.)
I am not an elephant. (I'm not an elephant.)
I am not an acrobat. (I'm not an acrobat.)
I am an undertaker. (I'm an undertaker.)

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A,  AN and THE must come before the noun they point out, but there can be other describing words between them and the Noun.  Remember, use A before words beginning with a consonant sound (a boy, a dog) and AN before words beginning with a vowel sound (an ugly boy, an old dog).

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I am the only doctor.  (I'm the only doctor.)
I am the school janitor.  (I'm the school janitor.)
I am an honest janitor.  (I'm an honest janitor.)
I am an awful doctor.  (I'm an awful doctor.) 
  I am the main man.  (I'm the main man.)
I am a tall man.  (I'm a tall man.)
I am an old man.  (I'm an old man.)
I am a good doctor.  (I'm a good doctor.)
  I am the boy's father.  (I'm the boy's father.)
I am a young father.   (I'm a young father.)
I am an angry father.  (I'm an angry father.)
I am a careful janitor.  (I'm a careful janitor.)

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With these models, you can say just about anything you want about yourself.   

 I am + Adjective.      I am + Article + Noun.     I am + -ing Verb.

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Asking questions about yourself.  The simplest way to make a question that asks about yourself is to reverse  the pronoun I and the verb AM.  A question also needs to have a question mark (?) at the end.  When you hear a question, the asker's voice will often rise at the end of the sentence.

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I am tall. (statement)
Am I tall? (question)
I am fat. (statement)
Am I fat? (question)
I am the boss. (statement)
Am I the boss? (question)
  I am late. (statement)
Am I late? (question)
I am your friend. (statement)
Am I your friend? (question)
I am driving. (statement)
Am I driving? (question)
  I am clean. (statement)
Am I clean? (question)
I am a good artist. (statement)
Am I a good artist? (question)
I am a tall man. (statement)
Am I a tall man? (question)

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Talking about other people:

    YOU = the person or persons you are talking to.  This can refer to one person or to many people. YOU is used with the Present Tense ARE. (you + are = you're)

    HE = The male person you are talking about - HE is used for a boy or man,   HE  is used with the Present Tense verb IS.  (he + is = he's) 

    SHE = The female person you are talking about.  SHE is for a girl or woman.  SHE is used with the Present Tense verb IS.  (she + is = she's) 

    IT = The object, idea or animal you are talking about.  IT is used with the Present Tense verb IS.  (it + is = it's)

    WE = Myself and one or more other people.  WE is used with the Present Tense verb ARE.  (we + are = we're)

    THEY = More than one person, object or animal that I am talking about.  THEY is used with the Present Tense verb ARE.  (they + are = they're)

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You are tall.   (You're tall.)  Are you tall?
She is sad.  (She's sad.)  Is she sad?
It is dirty.  (It's dirty.)  Is it dirty?
You (all) are late.  (You're late.)  Are you (all) late?
They are happy.  (They're happy.)  Are they happy?
  You are a good doctor.  (You're a good doctor.)  Are you a good doctor?
He is a kind father.  (He's a kind father.)  Is he a kind father?
We are careful drivers.  (We're careful drivers.)  Are we careful drivers?
You are smart students.  (You're smart students.)  Are you smart students?
  He is tall.  (He's tall.)  Is he tall?
She is a good teacher.  (She's a good teacher.)  Is she a good teacher?
It is a new car.  (It's a new car.)  Is it a new car?
We are sick.  (We're sick.)  Are we sick?
They are old men.  (They're old men.)  Are they old men?
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Here are some of the original stories available at mikiemetric.net

No Jokes Cover-Small
Harold Hare began playing practical jokes on his friends in Petunia Park.  They soon decided they had to do something about it.  Find out what the other animals did to keep Harold from playing more jokes.

22 illustrated pages.  Story can be reviewed at www.mikiemetric.net .
____________________________ Busy Lizzie Cover-small
"Busy Lizzie learned to rhyme
Before she learned to tell the time."
And so begins the book about Lizzie Sue and how she learned to make rhymes while going for rides in the car with her father.

18 illustrated pages.  Story can be reviewed at www.mikiemetric.net .

Exercise A, B:  Use words from the box below to complete the following sentences.

good, carpenter, happy, mechanic, dirty, eating, singer, driver, single,
 married, horse, pizza, diving,  funny, doctor, unemployed, tall, old,
sick, honest, teacher, woman, battleship, choking,
 proud, cook, running, decent
Exercise A.  Complete these sentences with words from the box above Exercise B. Complete these sentences with words from the box above. Exercise C. Change the following statements to questions. Change the questions to statements.
 1. I am________________. 1. I am a ____________________________.  1. I am silly.                   1.
 2. I am _______________. 2. I am the _____________________________. 2. I am a good teacher.         2.
3. I am_______________. 3. I am a ______________________________. 3. I am running fast.            3.
4. I am _______________. 4. I am an ______________________________. 4. Am I a good student?         4.
5. I am _______________. 5. I am an _________________________________. 5. Am I early?                   5.
6. I am _______________. 6. I am the _________________________________. 6. I am driving slowly.           6.
  7. I am a ___________________________________. 7. Am I the only man?            7.
  8. I am the _________________________________. 8. I am the first girl.            8.

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Exercise D: Add the missing subject or the missing verb in the following sentences.

1.  You ________ a cowboy.   6.  ______ are honest workers.   11.  It _______ an old dog.
2.  ________ is a tall man.   7.  ______ is a pretty girl.   12.  They ______ happy children.
3.  Are ______ an honest person?   8.  He ______ a nice doctor.   13.  ______ we smart students?
4.  We _____ very tired.   9.  ______ we late for class?   14.  _____ you my new friend?
5.  Is ______ a good bicycle?   10.  Are ______ the new teachers?   15.  _____ is the last bus.
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Answers to Lesson 1 Exercises: 

Exercise A:  Any of the following would be correct.

1. I am good.  I am diving.  I am honest. 4. I am eating.  I am tall.  I am running.
2. I am happy.  I am funny.  I am choking. 5. I am single.  I am old.  I am decent.
3. I am dirty.  I am unemployed.  I am proud. 6. I am married.  I am sick. 

Exercise B: Your answers may vary.  These are some possibilities.

1. I am a mechanic. 5. I am an old woman.
2. I am the carpenter. 6. I am the doctor.
3. I am a singer. 7. I am a driver.
4. I am an unemployed teacher. 8. I am the cook.

 Exercise C:

1. Am I silly? 5. I am early.
2. Am I a good teacher? 6. Am I driving slowly?
3. Am I running fast? 7. I am the only man.
4. I am a good student. 8. Am I the first girl?

Exercise D:

1. are 6. We, You, They 11. is
2.  He 7.  She 12.  are
3.  you 8.  is 13.  Are
4. are 9.  Are 14.  Are
5.  it 10.  They, You 15.  It

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