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Basic English the Mikie Metric Way: 

Lesson 2

Hundreds of My Favorite Songs from the 50's, 60's, 70's and 80's.

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Lesson 2:  Basic Survival Sentences: I want, I have, I need.

I want __(something - a noun)  .  [ I desire something, or I would like to have something.]

I want a pizza. I want a job. I want an aspirin. I want a new car.
I want a drink. I want an orange. I want some change. I want a room.
I want the newspaper. I want some water. I want some gas. I want the telephone.

Notice the Articles - A, AN, THE - and the adjective SOME.  They all point out nouns. 

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I need   (something - a noun)  [It is important that I get something, or I have a definite use for something, but I don't have it yet.]

I need a drink. I need a job. I need a new car. I need a hug.
I need an aspirin.  I need an umbrella. I need an overcoat. I need an envelope.
I need some gas. I need some change. I need some milk. I need some help.
I need the screwdriver. I need the phone book. I need the newspaper. I need the answer.

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I have   (something - a noun ) [I possess something or I am experiencing something now.]

I have a headache. I have a toothache. I have a stomach ache. I have the newspaper.
I have the time. I have two sisters. I have an apartment. I have a good job.
I have an idea. I have an apple. I have some coffee. I have some friends.

In the place of the articles (A, AN, THE), you can often use numbers or amount words:  "I have a lot of time."  "I have little time." "I have a cup of coffee."  "I have two friends."  "I need 5 gallons of gas."  "I need three envelopes." "I want two aspirins."

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I want to   (+ verb) [This form talks about an action I wish to take.]

I want to go home. I want to stay home. I want to work. I want to sleep.
I want to drive. I want to write a letter. I want to change shoes. I want to help.

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I need to   (+ verb)  .  [This form is used for an action that is necessary or important.]

I need to sleep. I need to exercise. I need to wake up. I need to buy milk.
I need to go shopping. I need to study. I need to pay bills. I need to drive slowly.

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I have to   (+ verb) .  [This form is to talk about an action I am obligated to do - very important.]

I have to rest. I have to work. I have to eat. I have to visit Mother.
I have to take a test. I have to pay my rent. I have to fix my car. I have to finish this job.

When other people WANT, HAVE or NEED something.

Forming questions with Survival Sentences.

To make a question out of a WANT, HAVE or NEED sentence, put a form of  DO at the beginning of the sentence, then place a question mark ( ? ) at the end.  Use DO with I, YOU,  WE, or THEY;  Use DOES with HE, SHE, IT or with nouns that would mean the same. For example,  THEY could be the same as THE BOYS, ALL THE CHICKENS, SIX BEETLES.  HE could be the same as JOHN, MR. SMITH, MARY'S SCIENCE TEACHER.  SHE could be the same as JANE, MRS. MARTIN, THE NURSE.  IT could be the same as MY CAR, JOSE GARCIA'S DOG.

(Note: English sentences only need one verb to agree with the subject or show the tense.  When DO is added to a statement to form a question, it takes over the job of agreeing with the subject or showing the tense.  Thus, "He wants ..."  with the S ending for a Third Person Singular subject, becomes "Does he want ...?"  using the Third Person Singular form of DO and returning "wants" back to the basic form, "want".  In the sentence "She has ...", the Third Person Singular form of "HAVE" is used, but when this is turned into a question, DO becomes "Does" and "has" changes back to "have":  "She has a dress.  Does she have a dress?")
You want a new coat. Do you want a new coat? She wants my house. Does she want my house?
You need a haircut. Do you need a haircut? She needs some lipstick. Does she need some lipstick?
You have a cold. Do you have a cold? She has an umbrella. Does she have an umbrella?
He wants a glass of milk. Does he want a glass of milk? We want to swim. Do we want to swim?
He needs a better bicycle. Does he need a better bicycle? We need some water. Do we need some water?
He has a pet rabbit. Does he have a pet rabbit? We have six goats. Do we have six goats?
They want hamburgers. Do they want hamburgers? They need to rest. Do they have to sleep?

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Forming Negative Sentences.

If you want to say the opposite of the sentences above, you need to use the correct form of DO and the word NOT.  For example, if I first said, "I want a pizza." but then I changed my mind, I would say, "I do not want a pizza."  I might say about my sister, "She needs a bicycle."  If you asked why, I could say, "She does not have a bicycle."  When they were told of the new, healthy menu at school, the students complained, "We do not want spinach for lunch."  Here is the rule:

     1. When making a sentence negative, add the form of DO that agrees with the subject of the sentence, add NOT after the form of DO, and change the main verb back to the basic form. 

Examples:

I want a kitten. I do not want a kitten. You need a nap. You do not need a nap.
He has new shoes. He does not have new shoes She wants the newspaper. She does not want the newspaper.
The car needs new tires. The car does not need new tires. We have a lot of homework. We do not have a lot of homework.
They have my baseball. They do not have my baseball. They want a vacation. They do not want a vacation.

Note: The forms of DO and NOT can combine, forming a contraction. Contractions make it easier for phrases and sentences to be pronounced.  Here are the contractions using forms of DO and NOT.  do + not = don't (leave out the O of NOT and replace it with an apostrophe ( ' ).  The pronunciation also changes from a Long U sound in DO to a Long O sound in DON'T.  The next contraction is does + not = doesn't (leave out the O in NOT and replace it with an apostrophe.  The pronunciation of DOES stays the same - /duznt/ )

Examples:

I don't want a kitten. He doesn't have new shoes. The car doesn't need new tires. They don't have my baseball.
You don't need a nap. She doesn't want the newspaper. We don't have a lot of homework. They don't want a vacation.

Exercise A:  Complete the following sentences with I want,  I need, or I have

1. ____________ some cherry pie. 4. _____________ a lawyer. 7. ____________ an ice cream cone.
2. _____________ new tires for my car. 5. _____________ film for my camera. 8. ____________ a wife and two kids.
3. ____________ some cold medicine. 6. ____________ too many bills. 9. ____________ a vacation.

Exercise B: Complete the following sentences with I want, I have, I need.

1. ___________ to go swimming. 4. ___________ to polish my shoes. 7. ___________ to mow the grass.
2. ___________ to buy groceries. 5. ___________ to watch a movie. 8. ___________ to play basketball.
3. ___________ to attend school. 6. ___________ to pay my taxes. 9. ___________ to learn English.

Exercise C: Put the correct words in the spaces in the following sentences to form complete sentences or questions.

1. ______ she have a new dress? 6. Do _______ have my wallet? 11. You ________ to arrive early.
2. You _______ to call home. 7. ______ each have apartments. 12. ______you need a license?
3. We _______ to go to the movies. 8. _______ the dog have a leash? 13. _______ have six cats.
4. Do they ________ enough money? 9. He ________ ten dollars more. 14. Do ______ need more pencils?
5. He _______ two brothers. 10. Does he _______ more money? 15. He _______ a new bike.

Exercise D: First, change the following sentences to questions, then change the original sentences to negative sentences. Example:

Bill needs a new hammer.  Does Bill need a new hammer?   Bill doesn't need a new hammer.

We need potatoes.    
You have three dogs.    
Mary wants my house.    
John has a large boat.    
The car needs a tune-up.    
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Answers to Lesson 2 Exercises:

Exercise A: These are the best answers, but other choices may be correct.

1. I want (have) some cherry pie. 4. I need (want) (have) a lawyer. 7. I want an ice cream cone.
2. I need (have) (want) some new tires for my car. 5. I need (want) (have) film for my camera. 8. I have (want) a wife and two kids.
3. I need (have) (want) some cold medicine. 6. I have too many bills. 9. I need (want) a vacation.

Exercise B: The best answers are first.  Other answers may be OK.

1. I want to go swimming. 4. I have (want) (need) to polish my shoes. 7. I have (need) (want)  to mow the grass.
2. I need (have) (want) to buy groceries. 5. I want to watch a movie. 8. I want to play basketball.
3. I have (want) to attend school.  6. I have to pay my taxes. 9. I need (want) to learn English.

Exercise C:  The best answers are first.  Other answers might be okay.

1. Does 4. have 7. We (They) 10. need (have, want) 13. we (they, you)
2. have (need) 5. has (wants, needs) 8. Does 11. need (have) 14. we (you, they)
3. want (have, need) 6. you 9. needs (wants, has) 12. Do 15. has (wants, needs)

Exercise D: 

We need potatoes. Do we need potatoes? We do not (don't) need potatoes.
You have three dogs. Do you have three dogs? You do not (don't) have three dogs.
Mary wants my house. Does Mary want my house? Mary does not (doesn't) want my house.
John has a large boat. Does John have a large boat? John does not (doesn't) have a large boat.
The car needs a tune-up. Does the car need a tune-up? The car does not (doesn't) need a tune-up.

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