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Learn to Write English Clearly and Correctly

Set 3 - Lesson 5 

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Lesson 5, Basic Sentences:

In their simplest form, four basic sentence structures are:

What does this mean in plain English? First of all, it means that there is some order in English; there is some regularity and there are some rules that one can depend on most of the time.  Let us define the terms used above.

Exercise A: Make five sentences using one term from each of the columns below for each sentence.  Example: take a word or group of words from the NOUN column + a word or group of words from the TRANSITIVE VERB column +  a word from the final NOUN column that will form a complete sentence.  Write the sentences on the numbered lines.

Noun Transitive Verb Noun
The children will send flowers.
Dogs can carry dirt.
The dump truck play baseball.
Dr. Jackson need cars.
Butterflies will chase bills.

1. ___________________________________________________________________

2. ___________________________________________________________________

3. ____________________________________________________________________

4. ____________________________________________________________________

5. ____________________________________________________________________

Exercise B. Make five sentences. For each sentence, choose one term from each of the columns below.  Write the sentences on the following lines.

Noun Intransitive Verb (How, When, Why, Where)
The donkey grows in the sun.
The watermelon runs for the exercise.
The river races very quietly.
The tractor speaks in the morning
Patricia rattles all the time.

1. ____________________________________________________________________

2. ____________________________________________________________________

3. ____________________________________________________________________

4. ____________________________________________________________________

5. ____________________________________________________________________


Exercise C: Make five sentences.  For each sentence, choose one term from each of the columns below.  Write the sentences on the following lines.

Noun Linking Verb Noun or Adjective
George was sick.
Going to school is my favorite activity.
Winter seems terrible.
Flying will be fun.
Mr. Smith is our friend.

1. _________________________________________________________________

2. _________________________________________________________________

3. _________________________________________________________________

4. __________________________________________________________________

5. __________________________________________________________________


Examination, Part 1: Fill in the missing part for each of the following sentences.  Use the kinds of parts you studied in this lesson: Nouns or words that act like nouns, transitive verbs, intransitive verbs, linking verbs.  There are many possible answers, but be sure your answers agree with the other words in the sentence.

1. ______________________ bought a new swimming suit.

2. Robert ______________________ black coffee.

3. Uncle John is ______________________________.

4. Swimming _________________ good exercise.

5. The soccer player kicks ___________________________.

6. Martin and Maria ________________________________ every day.

7. ________________________ was a good teacher.

8. ______________________ write _________________________.

9. The horses galloped ___________________________________.

10. Mrs. Harris _______________________________ very sick.

Examination, Part 2: Label the main parts of the sentences below - the nouns, the verbs, and the adjectives.  Do not worry about words in the sentences that are something else.

1. Yesterday morning, the rooster crowed loudly.

2. Sam Smith pounded the spike with a large, heavy hammer.

3. My old doctor became too sick to continue seeing patients.

4.Writing sentences for English lessons is not my favorite job.

5. Ninety-nine red balloons floated into the sky.


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