Learn to Write English Clearly and Correctly
Set 3 - Lesson 6
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Lesson 6, N+TV+N, or Who does What to Whom:
This type of sentence consists of a Subject Noun plus a Transitive Verb plus an Object Noun.
|Subject Noun||Transitive Verb||Object Noun|
|The woman||brushes||her hair.|
In these sentences, cowboys, the woman and Jack are the ones doing something. The cowboys herd, the woman brushes and Jack married, but they did not do these things to themselves. That is where the Object nouns come in. The cattle were herded, the hair was brushed and Jill was married. Many other words can be added to a sentence to give more information - words to describe the Subject or Object nouns, words to tell us when, where, why or how the action took place - but those additional words are not necessary to make the sentences complete.
How can you tell a Transitive Verb when you see one? Sometimes it is easy, but sometimes it is not easy. Some verbs are ALWAYS transitive and will ALWAYS need an object noun.
When you are trying to figure out if a verb is transitive or not, you need to ask yourself whom or what. Example: I push whom? I push what? If there is a logical answer to the question - I push my brother. or I push my car. - then the verb is transitive. I throw what? I throw the ball. I love whom? I love Tina. If there is no logical answer, then the verb is intransitive and that is another lesson.
Many verbs can be both Transitive or Intransitive. The difference is whether the subject is just doing the action or is doing the action to somebody or something else.
Exercise A: Circle ten words or phrases from the following list that could be the subject nouns of a sentence. Write the words in the boxes.
Exercise B: Circle ten words from the list that could be transitive verbs. Write them in the boxes.
Exercise C: Circle ten words from the list that could be object nouns. Write them in the boxes.
Exercise D: Fill in the correct kind of word to complete each of these sentences.
1. Jack and Sam _______________ their car to get it started.
2. ____________________ carried six loads of bricks.
3. Dr. Solomon will examine _________________________________.
4. _______________________ sweeps the floor every morning.
5. The large rat chewed _______________________________________.
6. The jet fighter _________________________ the secret hideout.
7. I always count ________________________________________.
8. ______________________________ was carrying newspapers.
9. Ten bald men ________________________ their bowling balls.
10. _________________________ grabs the chicken leg.
Examination: Make up 5 sentences from the words you put in the boxes in Exercises A, B and C. Some of the sentences may be silly, but that is ok. The important thing is to have the correct parts in the correct positions in the sentences. Write them on the following lines.
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